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Rigid Flex PCB


What is Rigid Flex PCB-rigid flex pcb manufacturer

What is Rigid Flex PCB?

A rigid Flex PCB board is a circuit board combination of flexible circuit boards and rigid circuit boards. It uses a lamination process.

A rigid-flex board has both the durability of a rigid PCB and the adaptability of a flexible PCB.

There are both flexible PCB areas and rigid PCB areas. It’s a great help to save the internal space of the product, reduce the volume of the finished product, and improve the performance of the product.

Types of Rigid Flex PCB

If it is classified according to the process, the bonding method of flexible and rigid boards can be divided into two categories: Rigid-flex composite board and Rigid-Flex multilayer combination board. There is a difference between the technology of rigid PCB and flexible circuit board composite.

Rigid Flex PCB Composite Board

The FPC and rigid PCB are pasted together; there is no plated hole connection at the pasting place, and there is more than one layer. However, the rigid and flex boards are manufactured separately and then pressed into a single circuit board. There are signal connections but no through-hole design.

Rigid Flex Multilayer Combination Board

It has plated-through holes, and more than two conductor layers. There are common blind hole and buried hole designs so that you can have higher density circuit designs.

Rigid Flex PCB Material

Rigid Flex PCB includes materials for rigid boards and flex boards. The base materials for rigid printed circuit boards are usually fiberglass and epoxy. Flex PCB materials are copper foil, adhesive, and polyimide.

Rigid Flex PCB Fiberglass

It is an inorganic non-metallic material with excellent performance. There are many kinds. Its advantages are good insulation, strong heat resistance, good corrosion resistance, and high mechanical strength.

The glassfiber is often used as reinforcing material for composite, electrical, and heat insulation materials.

Rigid Flex PCB Expoxy

Epoxy resin is a high molecular polymer. Aldehyde epoxy resin can effectively improve the heat resistance of copper-clad laminates, greatly enhance the corrosion resistance of copper-clad laminates, and Ensure the stability and durability of copper-clad laminates in high-temperature environments.

Rigid Flex PCB Copper Foil

Copper foil in rigid PCB has low surface oxygen characteristics, can be attached to various substrates, such as metals, insulating materials, etc., and has a wide temperature range.

The copper of flexible circuit board is classified as Rolled & Annealed copper and electro-deposited copper.

The material of Rolled & Annealed copper is better flexible and foldability. So we usually ask customer to use Rolled & Annealed copper to make flex PCBs.

ItemTechnical ParametersSpecification
Min Rigid Flex PCB Line Width/Space3/2.7 milFinished Copper Thickness H oz
Min Rigid Flex PCB Pad Ring of Via3 milDistance between hole edge to ring outskirt
 Min Rigid Flex PCB Pad Ring of PTH5 milDistance between hole edge to ring outskirt
 Min Rigid Flex PCB Via Size4 milBoard Thickness < 1.2 mm
 Min Rigid Flex PCB Thickness of Double sided0.2 mmFinal Board Thickness
Min Rigid Flex PCB Thickness of Multilayer0.4 mmFinal Board Thickness
Max Rigid Flex PCB Thickness8.0 mmFinal Board Thickness
 Max Rigid Flex PCB Dimension609×609 mmSingle and Double Sided  PCB
 Space Between Line to Board Edge10 milMilling of Outline
 Max Rigid Flex PCB Layers30 Layer 
Rigid FlexPCB Solder Mask ColorGreen, Black, Blue, Red, White, Yellow 
Rigid Flex PCB Silkscreen ColorWhite, Black, Yellow 
Rigid Flex PCB Surface FinishingHASL, ENIG, ENEPIG, ImAg, ImTin, OSP,  Hard Gold Plating 
Max Rigid Flex Finishing Copper Thickness6 oz 
Dielectric Thickness2.5 mil 
Rigid Flex PCB MaterialFR-4,Aluminium substrate, Rogers4350C, Polyimide 
Rigid Flex Special TechnologyHDI PCB, Via in Pad Rigid Flex PCB, Blind&Buried Rigid Flex PCB 

Advantages Of Rigid Flex PCB

Reduced Assembly Cost

Rigid flex PCB boards can reduce the labor of rigid PCB assembly, and the number of connectors is reduced. It also reduces the labor of the whole machine assembly after inserting the flex board into the connector. The management and inventory costs are reduced since the rigid-flex board BOM table is reduced.

Rigid Flex PCB Shape Flexible

The flexible part of Rigid-Flex PCB can be flexibly bent, and the components installed on rigid-flex board can be presented in various spatial angles, which is more flexible than traditional electronic integration methods, just like an extra dimension, so it is called “4D “integrated, it’s suitable for wearable devices, smart home, etc.

Rigid Flex PCB Save Space

Rigid-flex board combined flex printed circuit and rigid PCB, saving space and realizing more functions in small devices. It’s light in weight, and can be flexibly bent to meet the application of complex space structures. They are widely used in modern electronic equipment and are ideal for mobile communication products.

Rigid Flex PCB Fabrication

The manufacturing process of the rigid flex PCB board combined the manufacturing process of the rigid PCB and flexible circuit board. Below, we will mention some special processes different from flex printed circuits and rigid PCB boards.

Material Shearing

Rigid flex board and flexible PCB board with single-sided is not allowed to cut single-sided sheet directly. They must be etched into single-sided sheets from 2 layer flex PCB to ensure the bonding force between layers and avoid delamination.

Inner Layer Circuit

Check that FlexPCB is flat without discounts, wrinkles, and no glue stains on the board surface, etc.

All flex board PCBs must be attached to the pallet for development and etching, and one pallet is attached to one flex PCB to prevent the flex PCB from being folded and wrinkled due to etching transmission problems.

All boards must pass through AOI, and the flex-printed circuit does not allow supplementary lines.

Rigid Flex PCB Lamination

Rigid flex PCB board lamination must use a special program. The lamination program can not be mixed with other boards.

When the flex PCB is browned, it must be attached with a pallet. After browning, the flexible circuit board with wrinkles will be discarded. Before riveting, the flexible PCB board must be browned OK.

After riveting FR-4, flex PCB, and No-Flow PP, first check whether there is less or more PP, then use an X-ray to check whether there is layer deviation.

NC Drilling

Rigid Flex PCB drilling is a process of PCB manufacturing, and it is also a very important step.

The inspection process focuses on checking whether there are any residual glue burrs on the flexible circuit board at the T position of the rigid and flex PCB joint. If there is any abnormality, notify the process in time for follow-up processing.

Plating Through Hole

The program for besmearing the rigid flex board is special. Please pay attention to the switching of the besmearing program before copper plating.

After removing the slag, the rigid, flexible printed circuit board is copper-precipitated according to the 2-layer PCB procedure after the PI is adjusted. The PI potion is prepared according to the volume concentration of 40%. The working temperature of the potion is 40°C, and the adjustment time is 4~8MIN.

Rigid Flex PCB Board Opening Technology

The rigid flex board is not an ordinary circuit board, but is composed of a rigid circuit board and a flex circuit board. The flexible area of the rigid-flex PCB board is formed by removing the rigid layer in the area, leaving only the flexible layer and removing the rigid layer. The whole process is called opening technology.

There are three ways to open the rigid, flexible board: laser opening, gong machine-controlled deep opening, and V-CUT opening.

Rigid Flex PCB Circuit Open-Short Circut Test

The electrical performance of the rigid flex PCB is usually achieved through the PCB open-short circuit test. There are two test methods of PCB open-short circuit test. One is a fixture test, and the other is a flying probe test.

Fixture testing is based on the test points on the circuit board to make a fixture with a bed of needles and many thin needles on it. Each needle corresponds to a test point and is pressed to make contact. Then, conduct a continuity test or a functional test.

A flying probe test is a rapid movement of several probes at these test points, contact with these test points, and then the instrument measures the results.
Inspection of Rigid-Flex PCB Board

Dimension measurement: measure whether the actual dimension of the PCB matches the customer’s original rigid-flex circuit design file.

Holes: Check for missing holes, multiple holes, blocked holes, and hole sizes if they match the rigid-flex PCB design file.

Circuit: No short circuit, open circuit, exposed copper in the conductor, floating copper foil, repair wire, etc.

Silkscreen Printing: The silk screen printing of characters and symbols on the surface of the rigid flex PCB must be clear, and obvious, and the color must meet the requirements, without repeated printing, missing printing, multiple printing, position deviation, and misprinting.

Rigid flex PCB warp and twist inspection: According to the IPC-6012 standard, the warp and twist of the rigid-flex circuits should be within 0.75%.
Solderability Test: Take part of the rigid-flex PCB for actual soldering to check whether the parts can be easily soldered.

Packaging: colorless air bag vacuum packaging, with a desiccant inside, tightly packed.

Why Rigid Flex PCB Design?

We are a professional caster wheel manufacturer with over ten years of experience. We focus on producing high-quality products to meet the different needs of customers. The following aspects are for your consideration:

Reliability

The combination of rigid PCB and flexible circuit boards can solve the problem of flex PCB assembly. The flex printed circuit is connected through a connector, which brings cost, inconvenient assembly, and reliability problems. Flexible PCB assembly is easy: short circuits, falling off, and other problems. Rigid flex board can solve these problems.

Comprehensive Cost

Although the unit price of the rigid-flex board has increased, it saves the cost of the connector, reduces the rigid and flex PCB assembly time, reduces the rework rate, and improves flex PCB manufacturing ability and reliability. When used in batch products, it often reduces whole-product costs.

Effectively Improve The Signal Quality

Rigid Flex PCB is better for tracing continuity and signal integrity since connections are not made through connectors. Traditional IPC uses flexible PCB boards and rigid main control PCB to connect. Since rigid-flex PCB is in the application, it solves many problems and meets the small size's structural design requirements.

Application of Rigid Flex PCB Board

Why Choose Us?

King Sun PCB is one of the top-quality rigid flex PCB manufacturers. Quality assurance is our core value.

Low rigid-flex PCB cost is our goal. We have been optimizing production to reduce the manufacturing cost of rigid-flex boards.

We pay attention to fast-turn rigid-flex PCB manufacturing so that customers can launch new products quickly. Below is our lead time for PCB rigid-flex.

Layer CountStandard Lead TimeQuick Turn Around
1-2 Layer4-5 DAYS24 Hours
4 Layer8-9 DAYS5-6 DAYS
 6 Layer9-10 DAYS6-7 DAYS
 8 Layer10-12 DAYS8-9 DAYS
 10 Layer12-14 DAYS10 DAYS
 

Complex PCB Technologies

We make very complex and special Rigid Flex PCBs like below:

  • Via in Pad rigid flexible printed circuit board
  • Embedded Copper Coin rigid flex board
  • Backdrill rigid flex circuits
  • Depth Slot rigid flex PCB
  • Countersink Hole rigid and flexible PCB
  • Blind and buried vias rigid flex PCB prototype